FusionForge

Difference between revisions of "Virtual machine development environment"

From FusionForge Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Update /etc/hosts with subdomains)
m
 
(34 intermediate revisions by 5 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
 +
If you are looking for the root password for the .ova file ,
 +
(the other is a .vagrant file, contrary to what the posting says) :
 +
 +
http://lists.fusionforge.org/pipermail/fusionforge-general/2010-November/001245.html
 +
 +
http://fusionforge.fusionforge.org/sandbox/
 +
 +
it is user: root
 +
 +
password: vagrant
 +
 +
the .ova gives you a root-only XFCE running FF locally with scripts under  /usr/src/fusion...  .
 +
 +
 +
 
We provide a 64-bit development/test Virtual Machine (aka FusionForge Sandbox) with an already configured automated tests environment. FusionForge is not pre-installed, it is packaged and installed using included automated scripts.
 
We provide a 64-bit development/test Virtual Machine (aka FusionForge Sandbox) with an already configured automated tests environment. FusionForge is not pre-installed, it is packaged and installed using included automated scripts.
  
 
== Dependencies : Vagrant and VirtualBox ==
 
== Dependencies : Vagrant and VirtualBox ==
  
To use the VM, please [http://docs.vagrantup.com/v2/installation/ install Vagrant] (>= v1.1). By default Vagrant uses [https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads VirtualBox] so install it too.  
+
To use the VM, please [http://docs.vagrantup.com/v2/installation/ install Vagrant] (>= v1.1).
  
If you're running Debian or Ubuntu, the easiest way is (depending on the version of the distribution you're running, packages may be unavailable):
+
By default Vagrant uses [https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads VirtualBox] so install it too.
 +
 
 +
* If you're running a recent Debian or Ubuntu, the following should work:
 
  aptitude install vagrant virtualbox
 
  aptitude install vagrant virtualbox
VirtualBox recently moved to the "contrib" section, so you need to enable it in your <tt>/etc/apt/sources.list</tt>, for instance by adding something like :
+
Note: VirtualBox recently moved to the <tt>contrib</tt> section, so you need to enable it in your <tt>/etc/apt/sources.list</tt>, for instance by adding something like :
 
  deb http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian/ jessie main contrib
 
  deb http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian/ jessie main contrib
  
 
Make sure that you enabled '''hardware virtualization''' in your computer's BIOS, otherwise VirtualBox may not be able to run the VM.
 
Make sure that you enabled '''hardware virtualization''' in your computer's BIOS, otherwise VirtualBox may not be able to run the VM.
  
(Note: if you wish, you can extract the disk image from the <tt>.box</tt> and use it with KVM, see below.)
+
See also [[#Using_QEMU.2FKVM_instead_of_VirtualBox|use it with KVM]] if you want to extract the disk image from the <tt>.box</tt>.
  
== Running the VM with Vagrant ==
+
== Starting the VM with Vagrant ==
  
Note: installing the VM requires some free space (~700MB in your <tt>~/.vagrant.d/</tt> and ~1.5GB in <tt>~/VirtualBox VMs</tt>) :
+
Note: installing the VM requires some free space (~700MB in your <tt>~/.vagrant.d/</tt> and ~1.5GB in <tt>~/VirtualBox VMs</tt>).
  
# download the Vagrantfile :
+
* Save this [https://scm.fusionforge.org/anonscm/gitweb/?p=fusionforge/fusionforge.git;a=blob_plain;f=vm/Vagrantfile-sample;hb=6.0 Vagrant configuration] in a directory of your choice and rename it as <tt>Vagrantfile</tt>.
vagrant init fusionforge-dev-debian http://fusionforge.fusionforge.org/sandbox/fusionforge-dev-debian.box
+
* Edit the Vagrantfile if needed (e.g. if <tt>192.168.35.11</tt> is already taken on your network)
# optionaly modify 'Vagrantfile', e.g. enable 'vb.gui' to open the graphics display, by uncommenting the surrounding region of the ruby config file.
+
* In your host's <tt>/etc/hosts</tt>, add:
 +
192.168.35.11 forge.internal lists.forge.internal scm.forge.internal users.forge.internal
 +
* Go in the directory where the Vagrantfile was saved
 +
cd {the directory you have chosen}
 +
* Download, create and start the VM with:
 
  vagrant up
 
  vagrant up
# after a while, downloads and instanciation of the VM will be complete, and you can login without a password :
+
* You now can login without a password:
 
  vagrant ssh -- -l root
 
  vagrant ssh -- -l root
 
See [https://fusionforge.org/plugins/scmgit/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi?p=fusionforge/fusionforge.git;a=blob;f=vm/Vagrantfile-sample;hb=HEAD vm/Vagrantfile-sample] for a sample Vagrantfile configuration.
 
 
=== Configure accessibility of the VM web interface from host - using an internal IP ===
 
 
In the <tt>Vagrantfile</tt>, add:
 
config.vm.network :private_network, ip: "192.168.35.11"
 
(replace 192.168.35.11 with any IP that does *not* exist)
 
 
And in your host's <tt>/etc/hosts</tt>, add:
 
192.168.35.11 forge.internal lists.forge.internal scm.forge.internal users.forge.internal
 
 
Apply changes using <tt>vagrant reload</tt>, then hit http://forge.internal/ !
 
  
 
If the VM doesn't start, try to launch the VirtualBox manager and start the VM manually: you'll have a more detailed error message.
 
If the VM doesn't start, try to launch the VirtualBox manager and start the VM manually: you'll have a more detailed error message.
Line 42: Line 51:
 
Note: for an alternative with a NAT, cf. the tip [[#Accessing_the_web_interface_from_host_-_alternative_with_port_redirection|alternative with port redirection]] below.
 
Note: for an alternative with a NAT, cf. the tip [[#Accessing_the_web_interface_from_host_-_alternative_with_port_redirection|alternative with port redirection]] below.
  
== Contents of the Virtual Machine ==
+
== Building and installing FusionForge ==
  
This VM/appliance is designed to help you get started on development. It's basically a clean Debian system (wheezy/stable), with a git clone/checkout of the FusionForge code and a few helper scripts.  
+
This VM/appliance is basically a clean Debian system (jessie/stable), with a git clone/checkout of the FusionForge [https://scm.fusionforge.org/anonscm/gitweb/?p=fusionforge/fusionforge.git;a=shortlog;h=6.0 debian/6.0] code in <tt>/usr/src/fusionforge/</tt>. Make sure to update with:
 +
cd /usr/src/fusionforge/
 +
git pull
 +
apt-get update
  
By default, the code will be a clone of the <tt>debian/master</tt> branch of the Debian packaging git repository (https://fusionforge.org/plugins/scmgit/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi?p=deb-packaging/deb-packaging.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/debian/master), checked-out inside <tt>/usr/src/fusionforge/</tt>. It corresponds to a snapshot of the 'master' branch of the unstable development trunk (which might break at any time). The branches from the main/upstream repository of FusionForge are also available (see <tt>git remote -v</tt> for details). See [[#Use_a_stable_Git_branch|below]] for testing the ''stable'' branch.
+
To build and install FusionForge, you just need to run helper scripts from the <tt>/usr/src/fusionforge/autoinstall/</tt> directory, namely:
 +
* '''<tt>build.sh</tt>''' automatically builds FusionForge Debian (or RPM) packages from source, and stores them in a local package repository in <tt>/usr/src/debian-repository/</tt>.
 +
* '''<tt>install.sh</tt>''' installs these FusionForge packages.
  
The helper scripts are in the <tt>/usr/src/fusionforge/vm/scripts</tt> directory:
+
You now have an up-to-date FusionForge running on http://forge.internal/  , but only inside of the VM. So you need to install the GUI using the script install-GUI.sh
 +
The fusionforge administrator's web login is <tt>admin</tt>, set the admin password with:
 +
forge_set_password admin 'my%admin'
  
* '''<tt>update.sh</tt>''' will update the sources from Debian FusionForge's Git repository, and also the currently installed packages.
+
== Running the test suite ==
* '''<tt>build.sh</tt>''' builds FusionForge Debian packages from the sources, and stores them in a local package repository in <tt>/usr/src/debian-repository/</tt>.
 
* '''<tt>install.sh</tt>''' installs those FusionForge packages. This should end up with an up-to-date FusionForge running on the VM's port 80 (which may become available at http://forge.internal/ for instance, see bellow), with the fusionforge administrator's web login being “admin” and its password being “myadmin”.
 
* '''<tt>install-gui.sh</tt>''' optionally sets up an X11 graphical environment.
 
* '''<tt>run-testsuite.sh</tt>''' installs Selenium and runs the testsuite (more details below)
 
  
We recommend you run these scripts in this order.
+
The VM is ready to run the ''functionnal'' [[Test_Suite|test suite]], which uses PHPUnit and Selenium to drive a controlled Web browser through various tests of the different features of the forge (hence ''functionnal'' tests), using its highest-level interface: its Web interface.
  
There's also an icon on the VM's Desktop to run <tt>build.sh+install.sh</tt>, and another one for <tt>run-testsuite.sh</tt>.
+
''Note: you don't need to do this if you just want to test FusionForge. This is for running the test suite to ensure you didn't break anything when developping.''
 
 
The actual source code is stored under <tt>/usr/src/fusionforge</tt>, so that's where you should do the changes you want to test (rebuilding and installing the rebuilt packages, with <tt>build.sh</tt> and <tt>install.sh</tt>).
 
 
 
== Running the test suite ==
 
  
The VM is ready to run the ''functionnal'' [[Test_Suite|test suite]], which uses PHPUnit and Selenium to drive a controlled Web browser through various tests of the different features of the forge (hence ''functionnal'' tests), using its highest-level interface : its Web interface.
+
A couple other scripts run the test suite:
 +
* '''<tt>tests/func_tests.sh</tt>''' installs Selenium and runs the testsuite; use TESTGLOB='func/sometest/*' to limit the tests
 +
* '''<tt>autoinstall/install-gui.sh</tt>''' optionally sets up an X11 graphical environment.
  
''Note: you don't need to do this if you just want to test FusionForge. This is for running the test suite to ensure you didn't break anything when developping.''
+
There's also an icon on the VM's Desktop to run <tt>build.sh+install.sh</tt>, and another one for <tt>func_tests.sh</tt>.
  
You can run the testsuite script in a terminal, or click on the Desktop "run testsuite" shortcut:
 
/usr/src/fusionforge/vm/scripts/run-testsuite.sh
 
 
Tests need around 25mn to complete, depending on the computing power of your machine.
 
Tests need around 25mn to complete, depending on the computing power of your machine.
 
Failure screenshots are stored in <tt>/var/log/</tt>.
 
Failure screenshots are stored in <tt>/var/log/</tt>.
Line 81: Line 89:
  
 
You may prefer running the X display inside the VM to start the selenium server, so that windows opened by the tests don't bother you.
 
You may prefer running the X display inside the VM to start the selenium server, so that windows opened by the tests don't bother you.
 +
 +
=== Headless run ===
 +
 +
'''<tt>func_tests-xvnc.sh</tt>''' runs the testsuite after setting up a fake VNC/X11 environment:
 +
tests/func_tests-xvnc.sh deb/debian
 +
 +
=== Run only some tests ===
 +
 +
Use the TESTGLOB environment variable, e.g.:
 +
TESTGLOB='func/50_PluginsScmGit/*' ./func_tests.sh deb/debian
 +
 +
Another example in headless mode:
 +
TESTGLOB='func/30_RBAC/*' ./func_tests-xvnc.sh src/debian
  
 
== Tips, Issues and FAQs ==
 
== Tips, Issues and FAQs ==
Line 86: Line 107:
 
=== To reset the FusionForge admin password ===
 
=== To reset the FusionForge admin password ===
  
Use: <tt>/usr/share/gforge/bin/forge_set_password admin</tt>
+
forge_set_password admin yournewpassword
  
=== Stalled SSH accesses ===
+
FF deliberately is so terse. So you don't know whether its a web passwd or a bash login passwd. very amateurish.
 
 
If user SSH access to the VM is stalling, check that nscd is installed:
 
aptitude install unscd
 
See the thread ([http://lists.fusionforge.org/pipermail/fusionforge-general/2014-February/002548.html 1], [http://lists.fusionforge.org/pipermail/fusionforge-general/2014-March/002631.html 2]) about this issue.
 
  
 
=== Accessing the web interface from host - alternative with port redirection ===
 
=== Accessing the web interface from host - alternative with port redirection ===
Line 118: Line 135:
 
  su - postgres -c "psql -c 'CREATE ROLE root WITH LOGIN SUPERUSER'"
 
  su - postgres -c "psql -c 'CREATE ROLE root WITH LOGIN SUPERUSER'"
  
=== Use a stable Git branch ===
+
=== Use the development Git branch ===
  
If you want to use the 5.3 stable branch (instead of the development branch), you can:
+
If you want to use the latest development branch (to contribute to FusionForge or test the unreleased features), you can:
 
  cd /usr/src/fusionforge/
 
  cd /usr/src/fusionforge/
  git checkout debian/5.3
+
  git checkout debian/master
  
Note: if you already installed the development version, make sure you uninstall your FusionForge first because the packages won't be downgraded automatically to stable:
+
Note: if you switch back to an earlier version (e.g. from development back to stable), make sure you uninstall your FusionForge first because the packages won't be downgraded automatically:
  vm/scripts/uninstall.sh
+
  autoinstall/uninstall.sh
 
  rm -rf /usr/src/debian-repository/
 
  rm -rf /usr/src/debian-repository/
  
Line 153: Line 170:
 
== CentOS variant ==
 
== CentOS variant ==
  
A version of the VM for CentOS 6 is available:
+
A version of the VM for CentOS 7 is available:
http://fusionforge.fusionforge.org/sandbox/fusionforge-dev-centos.box
+
http://fusionforge.fusionforge.org/sandbox/fusionforge-dev-centos7.box
  
However there are not scripts for this version. You need to build and install FusionForge manually.
+
The above scripts also work for this VM.
 +
 
 +
Properly set your hostname though:
 +
echo '192.168.35.11 forge.internal lists.forge.internal scm.forge.internal users.forge.internal' >> /etc/hosts
 +
service nscd restart
  
 
== Modify the VM ==
 
== Modify the VM ==
  
 
The VM is automatically generated from scratch using the [http://www.packer.io/ Packer] tool.
 
The VM is automatically generated from scratch using the [http://www.packer.io/ Packer] tool.
See the Packer configuration in <tt>vm/packer/</tt>.
+
See the Packer configuration in <tt>vm/packer/</tt>. One advantage of packer is its ability to create a VM with a disk of arbitrary size.
 +
 
 +
== LXC / buildbot development environment ==
 +
 
 +
If you plan to test FusionForge under multiple distros and versions, you can reproduce the LXC setup used by our build bot on your computer.
 +
 
 +
It supports Debian 7 & 8 and CentOS 5, 6 & 7.
 +
 
 +
See [[Tools/BuildBot]].
  
 
== Links ==
 
== Links ==
Line 167: Line 196:
 
* [http://lists.fusionforge.org/pipermail/fusionforge-general/2010-November/001245.html Original announcement]
 
* [http://lists.fusionforge.org/pipermail/fusionforge-general/2010-November/001245.html Original announcement]
 
* [http://lists.fusionforge.org/pipermail/fusionforge-general/2014-January/002539.html Vagrant/Packer announcement]
 
* [http://lists.fusionforge.org/pipermail/fusionforge-general/2014-January/002539.html Vagrant/Packer announcement]
 +
 +
[[Category:Development]]

Latest revision as of 04:44, 23 February 2018

If you are looking for the root password for the .ova file , (the other is a .vagrant file, contrary to what the posting says) :

http://lists.fusionforge.org/pipermail/fusionforge-general/2010-November/001245.html

http://fusionforge.fusionforge.org/sandbox/

it is user: root

password: vagrant

the .ova gives you a root-only XFCE running FF locally with scripts under /usr/src/fusion... .


We provide a 64-bit development/test Virtual Machine (aka FusionForge Sandbox) with an already configured automated tests environment. FusionForge is not pre-installed, it is packaged and installed using included automated scripts.

Dependencies : Vagrant and VirtualBox

To use the VM, please install Vagrant (>= v1.1).

By default Vagrant uses VirtualBox so install it too.

  • If you're running a recent Debian or Ubuntu, the following should work:
aptitude install vagrant virtualbox

Note: VirtualBox recently moved to the contrib section, so you need to enable it in your /etc/apt/sources.list, for instance by adding something like :

deb http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian/ jessie main contrib

Make sure that you enabled hardware virtualization in your computer's BIOS, otherwise VirtualBox may not be able to run the VM.

See also use it with KVM if you want to extract the disk image from the .box.

Starting the VM with Vagrant

Note: installing the VM requires some free space (~700MB in your ~/.vagrant.d/ and ~1.5GB in ~/VirtualBox VMs).

  • Save this Vagrant configuration in a directory of your choice and rename it as Vagrantfile.
  • Edit the Vagrantfile if needed (e.g. if 192.168.35.11 is already taken on your network)
  • In your host's /etc/hosts, add:
192.168.35.11 forge.internal lists.forge.internal scm.forge.internal users.forge.internal
  • Go in the directory where the Vagrantfile was saved
cd {the directory you have chosen} 
  • Download, create and start the VM with:
vagrant up
  • You now can login without a password:
vagrant ssh -- -l root

If the VM doesn't start, try to launch the VirtualBox manager and start the VM manually: you'll have a more detailed error message.

Note: for an alternative with a NAT, cf. the tip alternative with port redirection below.

Building and installing FusionForge

This VM/appliance is basically a clean Debian system (jessie/stable), with a git clone/checkout of the FusionForge debian/6.0 code in /usr/src/fusionforge/. Make sure to update with:

cd /usr/src/fusionforge/
git pull
apt-get update

To build and install FusionForge, you just need to run helper scripts from the /usr/src/fusionforge/autoinstall/ directory, namely:

  • build.sh automatically builds FusionForge Debian (or RPM) packages from source, and stores them in a local package repository in /usr/src/debian-repository/.
  • install.sh installs these FusionForge packages.

You now have an up-to-date FusionForge running on http://forge.internal/ , but only inside of the VM. So you need to install the GUI using the script install-GUI.sh The fusionforge administrator's web login is admin, set the admin password with:

forge_set_password admin 'my%admin'

Running the test suite

The VM is ready to run the functionnal test suite, which uses PHPUnit and Selenium to drive a controlled Web browser through various tests of the different features of the forge (hence functionnal tests), using its highest-level interface: its Web interface.

Note: you don't need to do this if you just want to test FusionForge. This is for running the test suite to ensure you didn't break anything when developping.

A couple other scripts run the test suite:

  • tests/func_tests.sh installs Selenium and runs the testsuite; use TESTGLOB='func/sometest/*' to limit the tests
  • autoinstall/install-gui.sh optionally sets up an X11 graphical environment.

There's also an icon on the VM's Desktop to run build.sh+install.sh, and another one for func_tests.sh.

Tests need around 25mn to complete, depending on the computing power of your machine. Failure screenshots are stored in /var/log/.

Running graphical programs remotely

If you don't want to install a full GUI on the VM (i.e. not using install-gui.sh), you can also run the interesting things remotely through SSH using

vagrant ssh -- -l root -X

Note that since Selenium needs an X11 display (as it drives a graphical web browser), you may then see the full graphical run of the test suite on your local X display in a new Firefox window.

You may prefer running the X display inside the VM to start the selenium server, so that windows opened by the tests don't bother you.

Headless run

func_tests-xvnc.sh runs the testsuite after setting up a fake VNC/X11 environment:

tests/func_tests-xvnc.sh deb/debian

Run only some tests

Use the TESTGLOB environment variable, e.g.:

TESTGLOB='func/50_PluginsScmGit/*' ./func_tests.sh deb/debian

Another example in headless mode:

TESTGLOB='func/30_RBAC/*' ./func_tests-xvnc.sh src/debian

Tips, Issues and FAQs

To reset the FusionForge admin password

forge_set_password admin yournewpassword

FF deliberately is so terse. So you don't know whether its a web passwd or a bash login passwd. very amateurish.

Accessing the web interface from host - alternative with port redirection

A bit more complicated than using an internal IP, but doesn't need a separate IP.

In the Vagrantfile, add:

config.vm.network :forwarded_port, guest: 80,  host: 8080
config.vm.network :forwarded_port, guest: 443, host: 8443

In /etc/fusionforge/config.ini.d/zzzz-local.ini, add:

[core]
http_port=8080
https_port=8443

And in your host's /etc/hosts, add:

127.0.0.1 forge.internal lists.forge.internal scm.forge.internal users.forge.internal

Then hit http://forge.internal:8080/ !

Attention : the test suite might not work well in such a configuration

Using psql as root

su - postgres -c "psql -c 'CREATE ROLE root WITH LOGIN SUPERUSER'"

Use the development Git branch

If you want to use the latest development branch (to contribute to FusionForge or test the unreleased features), you can:

cd /usr/src/fusionforge/
git checkout debian/master

Note: if you switch back to an earlier version (e.g. from development back to stable), make sure you uninstall your FusionForge first because the packages won't be downgraded automatically:

autoinstall/uninstall.sh
rm -rf /usr/src/debian-repository/

Block outgoing e-mails

Useful if you're working on a database import with real user e-mails...

iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 25 -j REJECT --reject-with tcp-reset

Using QEMU/KVM instead of VirtualBox

Converting from Virtualbox image format to QEMU qcow2

Converting from Virtualbox image format to QEMU qcow2: convert to raw format first

tar xf fusionforge-dev.box fusionforge-dev-disk1.vmdk
VBoxManage clonehd -format RAW fusionforge-dev-disk1.vmdk ffsandbox.raw  # ~10GB

Then optionaly convert to QCOW2 format:

qemu-img convert -f raw -O qcow2 ffsandbox.raw ffsandbox.qcow2

Running inside libvirt

  • Create a VM by importing the created qcow2 disk image, with virt-manager.
  • You may need to set manually the driver type to 'qcow2' in "disk" device section in the VM xml file (in /etc/libvirt/qemu/). In this case you need to redefine the VM xml file by: `sudo virsh -c qemu:///system define /etc/libvirt/qemu/ffsandbox.xml` then start the VM.
  • You need to reconfigure network interfaces in /etc/network/interfaces afterwards for replicating eth0 config stanza for eth1 for instance. You can find which device to enable by running ifconfig -a.
  • You may need to check the web_host setting in /etc/fusionforge/config.ini.d/debian-install.ini to adjust the forge's URLs for redirections.

CentOS variant

A version of the VM for CentOS 7 is available: http://fusionforge.fusionforge.org/sandbox/fusionforge-dev-centos7.box

The above scripts also work for this VM.

Properly set your hostname though:

echo '192.168.35.11 forge.internal lists.forge.internal scm.forge.internal users.forge.internal' >> /etc/hosts
service nscd restart

Modify the VM

The VM is automatically generated from scratch using the Packer tool. See the Packer configuration in vm/packer/. One advantage of packer is its ability to create a VM with a disk of arbitrary size.

LXC / buildbot development environment

If you plan to test FusionForge under multiple distros and versions, you can reproduce the LXC setup used by our build bot on your computer.

It supports Debian 7 & 8 and CentOS 5, 6 & 7.

See Tools/BuildBot.

Links